Comparative Architecture

Compare buildings is equivalent to studying and analyzing them. We can perform the analysis by sticking exclusively to the studied object, but we can also do so by opposing another building and allowing the characteristics of one to be reflected in the other. In this way, relationships arise that reveal aspects of both that would not otherwise have arisen. The choice of examples to compare is essential, it makes possible very different speeches depending on which “opponent” is chosen.

The buildings studied with this methodology do not have to be from the same time, the same author, or the same use. Sometimes the comparison begins to be triggered by some common factor; other times, that same factor is hidden and must be made visible. In this subject it is useful to think that it is also compared when a building is designed. Often, in the process of developing a project, especially in the first steps, the comparison is used to develop the arguments of its size, program, composition, form or relationship with the environment in which it is located. The architectural baggage is channeled through these comparisons and this subject aims to develop a methodology and knowledge of their own that may be useful in the architectural project.

Each session of the subject follows a similar organization but develops in a different way, both for the subject that is presented and for the texts prepared by the students, which are read and commented on public in classroom. For the construction of these texts, each week are proposed a couple of images to compare, which are announced on the website and are complemented with the readings proposed in the bibliography.

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1. José Antonio Martínez Lapeña, Elías Torres. Escaleras de la Granja.  Toledo, 1997-2000

2. Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers. Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1977

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